Yazd, also spelled Yezd, city, capital of Yazd province, central Iran. The city dates from the 5th century CE and was described as the “noble city of Yazd” by Marco Polo. It stands on a mostly barren sand-ridden plain about 4,000 feet (1,200 meters) above sea level. The climate is completely deserted. A network of Qanats (tunnels dug to carry water) links Yazd with the edge of the nearby mountain Shir Kuh. Historically, Yazd has been the link between Fars and Khorasan and between Persian Iraq and Kerman, and it was situated at the intersection of the trade routes from central Asia and India. It served as a provincial capital and earned the title of Dar al-ibada (Home of Piety), because of its many religious buildings. Some of the city’s inhabitants are Zoroastrians whose ancestors had fled toward Yazd and Kerman when the Muslim Arabs conquered Iran. Yazd is now the last center of Zoroastrianism in Iran.
Since Sasanian times Yazd has been famous for beautiful silk textiles that were rivaled in later periods only by those of Kashan and Eṣfahan. The city is still a major center of silk weaving. It has spinning and weaving mills, a plant for the manufacture of water purification and filtration equipment, and considerable mining and quarrying activity; copper deposits nearby are processed at the Sar Cheshmeh facilities. Almonds, fruit, and some grain are grown near the city.
Besides a few remains of the imposing medieval city wall, the city has many important mosques and mausoleums dating from the 12th imam (head of Islam; 1035). The Masjed-e Jomʿeh (Friday Mosque) is distinguished by the highest minarets in Iran, mosaic faience (earthenware ceramics), a superb Mihrab (pulpit) dated 1375, and two oratories that are Gothic in appearance. Some of the other mosques and mausoleums in the city are decorated with delicate and rich stucco relief or are polychrome with tones of pale blue, rose, and yellow. The skyline is picturesque with minarets and many tall towers that were designed to bring cool air from underground into the buildings’ chambers. Yazd city is linked with Kerman, Qom, Eṣfahan, and Tehran by road and railway; it also has an airport.
The city can be quite cold in winter and is boiling hot in summer, though not humid. With summer temperatures very frequently above 40 °C (104 °F) in blazing sunshine with no humidity. Even at night the temperatures in summer are rather uncomfortable. In the winter, the days remain mild and sunny, but in the morning the thin air and low cloudiness cause very cold temperatures that can sometimes fall well below 0 °C (32 °F).
Architecture and Heritage
Ceiling of a vault in the Bazaar of Yazd
Yazd is an important center of Persian architecture. Because of its climate, it has one of the largest networks of Qanats in the world, and Yazdi Qanat makers are considered the most skilled in Iran.
To deal with the extremely hot summers, many old buildings in Yazd have magnificent wind towers, and large underground areas.
The city is also home to prime examples of Yakhchals, which were used to store ice retrieved from glaciers in the nearby mountains. Yazd is also one of the largest cities built almost entirely out of adobe.
Under the wind catcher of Dowlat Abad Garden
Yazd’s heritage as a center of Zoroastrianism is also important. There is a Tower of Silence on the outskirts, and the city itself has a Fire Temple which holds a fire that has been kept alight continuously since 470 AD. Presently, Zoroastrians make up a significant minority of the population, around 20,000–40,000 or 5 to 10 percent.
Built in 12th century and still in use, Jame Mosque of Yazd is an example of the finest Persian mosaics and excellent architecture. Its minarets are the highest in the country.
Handicrafts is both art and industry, which is made by hand or rudimentary tools, exploiting native raw materials, indicating taste and mental creativity of their makers. The most important handicrafts of the Yazd province are rug, small carpets, Kilim (short-napped coarse carpet), velvet, brocade, …
Yazd’s handicrafts such as rug, small carpets, Kilim, Termeh (a gorgeous hand-made silk tapestry), pottery, earthenware and ceramic are also famous. In order to find them all you need to call on bazaar.
The Yazd rugs have asymmetrical (Persian) knots with three wefts. The number of knots in square inch is much lower than Isfahan rugs and Nain rugs, but the pile is softer and longer.
Pottery and Ceramics
Pottery, the oldest handmade artwork, has a 6,000-year-old history in Iran. Local people call the earthenware ‘Kevareh’, which is made of clay. The earthenware is world famous for its designs, especially “fish”, “the lady sun” and “the hen”. Meybod is a prominent pottery-producing center in Yazd province.
Termeh is one of the oldest traditional arts in Iran, this handicraft was woven as handmade. Today silk Termeh with different colors is finding in Yazd Province (Historical city and second ancient city by ranking of UNESCO), in this regard Termeh weaving is the oldest art works.
Carpet weaving is Yazd’s principal handicraft. In 1996, there were 65000 carpets weaving looms at work across the province and some 30,000 weavers were engaged in this old artistic and economic activity.
Zilu is a kind of light hand-woven carpet, the weaving of which provides hundreds of families their livelihood. The provincial Zilu-weaving center is Meybod, in which the craft has been traced to ancient era.
Giveh is a light and very easy-to-wear kind of local shoes, in which a special material, woven by rural women, is used instead of leather. A Giveh’s sole, of course, is made of a very durable material.
Yazd’s old blacksmiths still continue to make gadgets such as scales, sugar cube cutters, knives, chains, pincers and locks by using simple tools such as a hand-blower, a nipper, and a hammer. Mehriz, Aqda,Nadoushan, Sakhvid, Ardakan and Khezrabad are centers of traditional ironworks.
Tile craft has a 700 years history behind it in Yazd province. The artists at first decide on the shape and size of the tiles and then proceed with drawing (upon them) and enameling before baking the tiles.
Ash-e Shuli, Ash-e Gandom, Ash-e Alu, Ash-e Kadu, Ash-e Anar, Qeyme Nokhod, Koresht-e Beh Alu, Qaliy-e Kadu, Kufte Lape, and Kufte Yazdi are some of traditional food of the region.
Qottab is an almond-filled deep-fried Iranian cuisine pastry or cake, prepared with flour, almonds, powdered sugar, vegetable oil, and cardamom. The city of Yazd is well known for its Qottab.
Desert, desert, and desert, nobody can experience such a sensation here. The silence, the beauty, the bright sky, the wavy hills in the middle of desert is beyond thought of a watcher. Spending one night in the desert is like a dreamy day on the clouds. You can sense spirit of the nature there; desert is alive; maybe more alive than any other place; maybe more alive than any creature. Trace of God … dreamy temple. I would like to be lost here to find the real life … to find the paradise. Universe is proud over desert. This is Yazd and desert ….
Shiraz is an old ancient city and it is supposed that there should be many ancient site in the city. In spite of wars and natural disasters, many of them are survived.
Yazdan Fire Temple
Nonetheless, there are still numerous monuments remaining until now, which include:
Shesh Baadgir (Six-Windcatcher–Ab Anbar), Yazdan Fire Temple, Amir Chakhmagh Tekyeh, Sarv-e Abarqu, Green Pir Chak Chak Temple, Lari House, Yazd Tower of Silence, Saghand Caravansary, Iskandar’s Jail, Chahartaghi Cave, Marvast Citadel, Nadoshan Citadel, Yazd Kabir Jaame Mosque, Dowlat Abad Garden, Shahvali Mosque, Khan Bath and Khan square.
Yazd Tower of Silence
Yazd Kabir Jaame Mosque
Hotels of Yazd
Daad Hotel Yazd 4 Stars, Safaiye Hotel 4 Stars, Baq-e Moshirolmamalek Hotel 4 Stars, Khatam Hotel 4 Stars, Zanbaq Hotel 4 Stars, Moze Fahadan Hotel 4 Stars, Ark New Hotel 4 Stars, Antic Malkol Tojar 4 Stars, Tehrani Hotel 4 Stars, Mehr Hotel 3 Stars, Khatam Hotel 3 Stars, Labe Khandaq Hotel 3 Stars, Lale Hotel 3 Stars, Parsian Azadi Hotel 3 Stars, Fazeli Hotel, 3 Stars, Rose Hotel 3 Stars, Mazafar Hotel 3 Stars, Khan Dohad-e Hotel 3 Stars, and Royaye Qadim Yazd Hotel 3 Stars.
The economy of the area in which Yazd is situated is dominated by agriculture that was modernized through the establishment of farm corporations and processing centers for agricultural products. The chief crops grown include wheat, barley, cotton, oilseeds, indigo plants, fruits, and vegetables.
The Shahid Nassiri Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Yazd, Iran. It is part of the much larger Shahid Nassiri Sports Complex. It is used mostly for football matches. It was established in 1983.
Now let’s have a look at a list of shopping centers in Yazd — the primary ones, those that you will probably need to know and visit. Yazd best shopping center might be Bazaar of Yazd.
Tabrizaian Bazaar of Yazd probably dates back to Gajarid era. It is situated at the end of “Panjeh Ali” Bazaar. Yazd’s Tabrizaian bazaar is 59 meters long, 3.5 meters wide and 5.5 meters high. The front side of each shop is four meters and the area is 19.6 square meters, averagely.
Yazd shopping centers, including this one, usually have vault-shaped ceilings. The old doors of the shops are four-sheet and wooden and the structure is made of bricks, clay and plaster. To complete your “shopping list” and your list of “old shopping centers in Iran”, make sure to visit this one!
Yazd Old Collection of Bazars
Yazd old collection of bazaars is the main shopping center as well as attraction center of Yazd city: a number of old bazaars in Qiam Street. In Pahlavid era, Qiam Street divided the old bazaars into two sections and some of the main sub-bazaars like the bazaar of ‘arsi-dooz’s, bazaar of Mohamad Ali Khan, bazaar of Panjeh Ali, etc. were all broken down. As for now, the northern part of the bazaar is more active. The main products presented in this section are: Yazd pastries and cookies, fabric, gold and carpets. Bazaar Qeisarieh, which is situated between Khan square and Khan School, is more beautiful in architecture and has a gate made of wood, which is very old and precious. This bazaar is the place where Yazd fabric is being sold.
Old bazaars of Yazd, in fact the most attractive part of Yazd shopping centers can compete with other Iran shopping centers for its attraction.
Yazd Carpet Bazar
Carpet industry is one of the most flourished industries in Iran. In fact, Iran can be said to be the mother land of the carpet art and industry. Yazd is one of the outstanding provinces of Iran in carpet industry. Yazd carpet bazar or bazar carpet Yazd is among Yazd shopping centers that is recommended to be included in your tourist list if you want to return to your homeland with full hands!
Canada, Lebanon, Russia etc. are among the target countries importing Yazd province’s carpets.
Setareh Yazd Shopping Center
Setareh Yazd Shopping Center or Setare Yazd mall is in fact a shopping center of a large area of about 584 square meters. The conic design style of the complex as well as the decoration and the weather protections of the mall is quarterbacked for this major center among Yazd Shopping Centers by Serare Yazd Recreational complex in the city of Yazd and designed and built in the year 2010 in the same city.
We have learned that Diba Tensile structures uses the newest software and techs for engineering, construction and the installation of tensile structures. For the costumers to receive good quality, the features above are said to be updated frequently.
Setare Yazd shopping Centre should not be overlooked by you when you plan your trip to Yazd unless, of course, you plan to visit the bazar of Yazd, which is certainly better than this one!
Pastry Shops in Yazd
Pastry shops in Yazd, are special for the delicious confectionery that they cook. Among Yazd shopping centers, those shops that make pastry are especially outstanding in Yazd city.
Haj Khalife Rahbar Shop – Amir Chakhmakh Square – 1951
If you are going to buy good souvenirs for your hometown after your visit, we recommend some of the nice pastry from Yazd city. Among Iran’s shopping centers the pastry shops in Yazd should not be neglected in your list! If you go to Yazd’s pastry shops, please don’t forget to buy us some, too!
The University of Yazd was established in 1988. It has a college of Architecture specializing in traditional Persian Art and Architecture. Yazd and its nearby towns contain the following institutes of higher education:
Yazd Science and Research, University of Yazd, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Payam-e Nour University of Yazd, Yazd Institute of Higher Education (ACECR), Islamic Azad University of Bafq, Islamic Azad University of Maybod, Islamic Azad University of Yazd, Yazd Sampad Information Center, Yazd Science and Technology Park, Applied Science University of Yazd, and Imam Java University College
Most places in the old town are within easy walking distance from each other.
An old bus in Meybod in Yazd Province
Local buses are also available. 68 bus lines are available in the city.
Taxis are inexpensive. Motorcycle taxis are another fast and cheap way to move around the city but try to settle on a price beforehand.
Yazd-Shahid Ayatollah Sadooghi Airport is the airport of the city. The airport lies 10 kilometers away from the city center of Yazd and serves the city as well as all of the surrounding counties. The Shahid Sadooghi Airport also serves as a part of the important North-South transportation corridor within the Islamic Republic of Iran. For administrative and census purposes, it is a treated as a village in Fajr Rural District, in the Central District of Yazd County, Yazd Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 127, in 33 families.
The airport was established in 1970 upon 575 hectares of land. Even though the airport does not have an international status, there are occasional charter flights as well as scheduled passenger services to neighboring countries such as Iraq and Syria. Furthermore, the airport provides routine international service to Jeddah and Medina in Saudi Arabia for the annual Hajj season.
Despite operating at 40-50% capacity, a total of 431,500 passengers traveled through Shahid Sadooghi Airport in 2012, making it the eleventh busiest airport in Iran in terms of passenger traffic and number of flight operations.
Sources: Lonely Planet, Britanica, Wikipedia, Kajaro, hotelyar, bus.yazd